Miss STEM: 10 Must-Know Female Mathematicians & Scientists, Part 2

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Here are the 10 Must-Know Female Mathematicians and Scientists, Part 2! Read my last blog post to find out #1-5.

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Photo provided by Afernand75 under CC BY-SA 3.0

6. Ida Tacke (1896 – 1978)

Ida Tacke, a German chemist and physicist, discovered two new elements, rhenium (75) and masurium (43). While the discovery of rhenium is credited to her, notice that there is no “masurium” element on the periodic table. That’s because “masurium” is now known as technetium, and its discovery is credited to two other men. She also proposed the idea that particles could be broken down when bombarded by neutrons in order to release energy.

 

 

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Photo provided by Smithsonian Institution Archives.

7. Chien-Shiung Wu (1912 – 1997)

Chien-Shiung Wu was a Chinese-American experimental physicist who greatly contributed to the Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb. One of her most groundbreaking discoveries completely overturned a widely-accepted scientific law at the time: the Principle of Conservation of Parity (which stated that particles that were mirror images of each other would behave identically). Although it was her experiments that shattered this law, two colleagues went on to win a Nobel Prize for their “discovery.”

 

8. Rosalind Franklin (1920 – 1958)

Photo provided by G Sheeraj under CC BY-SA 4.0

Photo provided by G Sheeraj under CC BY-SA 4.0

Rosalind Franklin, an English chemist, also had a famous case of a stolen “discovery.” She came to the conclusion that DNA consisted of two chains and a phosphate backbone through X-ray experiments and unit cell measurements. However, Watson and Crick published her discoveries as their own and received a Nobel Prize for it.

9. Tu Youyou (1930 – present)

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Photo provided by Bengt Nyman under CC BY-SA 4.0

Tu Youyou is a Chinese medical scientist and pharmaceutical chemist who discovered artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin, used to cure malaria. She first began her malaria research in 1967 after being recruited to a top-secret government unit known as Mission 523, and now her medicinal discoveries have saved millions of lives. Recently, Tu was jointly awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine, becoming the first Chinese woman to win a Nobel Prize.

10. Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943 – present)

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Photo provided by Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic under CC BY-SA 3.0

Jocelyn Bell Burnell is a Northern Irish astrophysicist. While working with radio telescopes, Burnell noticed certain specific, constant signals being sent off in space which would later be known as pulsars. At the time, Burnell was not credited with this discovery (the man she was working under won the Nobel Prize for his “discovery”), but it is now widely accepted that she was the first to make the observation.

Elizabeth Guo

Elizabeth Guo

Elizabeth is an aspiring writer and lover of theater, green tea, and fuzzy socks. She loves to curl up with a good book, rock out to old Taylor Swift songs, and eat raspberry sorbet.

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